The choice of the right contraceptive depends on your individual needs but also on your personal and medical history. I am more than happy to advise you on the right method for you.
How safe the different methods of contraception protect you from pregnancy is indicated by the Pearl Index. The lower this is, the higher the safety of contraception.
Find more about the Pearl Index here www.wikipedia.org.
Natural contraception is based on the calculation of fertile days. A close observation of the menstrual cycle, measurement of the basal body temperature as well as observation of the vaginal secretion are necessary.
This method can be supported by a fertility computer.
The barrier methods prevent sperm from entering the uterus.
These include the condom, the cervical cap or the diaphragm.
Hormonal contraception prevents the maturation of an egg and ovulation. Thatís how the so-called pill, the contraceptive ring or the contraceptive patch work, which consist of the hormones estrogen and progestin.
Furthermore, there are gestagen monopreparates that consist only of progestogens. These include the mini pill, the contraceptive stick and the three-month syringe. These methods are often used, for example, during breast-feeding or when no estrogens may be applied.
Spirals - Intrauterine contraception
The copper spiral changes the environment of the uterus to prevent the implantation of a fertilized egg. The hormonal cycle is not affected by this method. Depending on the model, it can remain in the uterus for 3 to 5 years; removal is possible at any time.
The copper chain works on a similar principle but is anchored in the uterine musculature.
The copper ball is not spiral but ball-shaped and is inserted into the uterine cavity.
The hormonal spiral continuously delivers a luteal hormone (progestin), locally. The growth of the uterine lining is thereby suppressed, so that the implantation of a fertilized egg is prevented. In addition, the bleeding intensity of menstruation decreases significantly.
Therefore, the hormonal spiral is also possible to treat severe or very painful bleeding. However, the normal cycle of monthly ovulation and natural hormone production are not affected. It can remain in the uterus for up to 5 years; removal is possible at any time.
Sterilization - Surgical methods
Sterilization can be performed on both women and men. As part of a surgical procedure, the fallopian tubes of the woman or the spermatic cord of the man are severed.
For women a laparoscopy in general anesthesia is required. After the surgery, the fallopian tubes for the egg are no longer consistent and thus fertilization is no longer possible. This method is final, restoration may be possible in individual cases through re-operations.